Star Anise


Star Anise


Latin Name: Illicium verum
Alternative Name: chinese anise
Forms Available: seed

Star Anise – illicium verum – All parts of this small, evergreen tree are aromatic; the smooth, gray-white bark, narrow to elliptic shiney green leaves; solitary yellow flowers; and glossy brown seeds. The distinctive seeds and pods are used as a spice in Asian cookery, notably as an ingredient of Chinese five-spice powder. The fruits and foliage yield an essential oil, used as a substitute anise seed flavoring, or, medicinally to relieve chest complaints, rheumatism, and flatulence. The oil appears in soaps, hair oils, and Asian perfumes.
Chew the seeds after a meal to help the digestion. Simmer the seeds to make a tea for colic and rheumatic complaints. Steep one teaspoon of the crushed seed in one cup of boiled water for twenty minutes and take up to two cups a day. Often added to other brews to improve taste, the tea of the seed will help cramps and nausea, promote menstruation, and increase breast milk. It also relieves insomnia. The seeds are simmered into salves for scabies and lice. The oil is a stomach tonic. The seeds can be tinctured in brandy -rather than the usual vodka, whiskey, or grain alcohol- with some lemon peel; the dose is one-fourth to one-half teaspoon.

Aromatherapy & Health Uses: The tea of the seed will help cramps and nausea, promote menstruation, and increase breast milk. It also relieves insomnia. The seeds are simmered into salves for scabies and lice. The oil is a stomach tonic.

Other Uses: The powdered bark is used as an incense in Japanese temples. The tree is planted by the Japanese around temples and on graves as an herb of consecration and protection. The seeds are burned as incense to increase psychic powers.


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Stevia


Stevia


Latin Name: stevia rebaudiana

Forms Available: ground

Stevia – stevia rebaudiana – An herb used as a replacement for sugar or other non-nutritive sweeteners. The resulting extract from the stevia plant is roughly ten times sweeter than sugar. With Stevia, you must experiment until you get it right, some persons find it way too sweet. Dark green in color. Sugar amount: 1 cup = 1 teaspoon Stevia powder Sugar amount: 1 tablespoon = 1/4 teaspooon Sugar amount: 1 teaspoon = a pinch of Stevia powder Some users feel more comfortable turning the powder into a liquid and this can be done by diluting the powder in distilled water and then storing in the refrigerator for a few days: Sugar amount: 1 tablespoon = 6-9 drops Sugar amount: 1 teaspoon = 2-4 drops


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Strawberry, Wild


Strawberry, Wild


Latin Name: fragaria virginiana
Alternative Name: scarlet strawberry, virginia strawberry
Forms Available: root, leaf, fruit, tea

Wild Strawberry – fragaria virginiana – the fruit is very fragrant and tastes delicious, it is eaten raw, cooked or in preserves. The leaves make an herbal tea which has also been used as a tonic for the nerves. A tea from the root is diuretic and has been used to treat irregular menstruation, stomach problems, lung problems, and diarrhea. The fruit has been used as a substitute toothpaste, the juice dissolving the tartar on the tooth.

Aromatherapy & Health Uses: The leaves make an herbal tea which has also been used as a tonic for the nerves. A tea from the root is diuretic and has been used to treat irregular menstruation, stomach problems, lung problems, and diarrhea.


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Sumachs


Sumachs


Latin Name: rhus sp. rhus copallina, rhus glabra
Alternative Name: smooth sumac, upland sumach, dwarf sumac, sumac
Forms Available: bark, berry, leaf, root

Sumachs – rhus sp. – dwarf sumac: rhus copallina and smooth sumac: rhus glabra. Dwarf sumac: the root has been used to treat dysentery. Externally, a poultice of the root, treats skin sores and wounds. A tea from the bark stimulates lactation. Smooth sumac: The berries have been used, internally, to reduce fevers and treat bowel problems.

Aromatherapy & Health Uses: Dwarf sumac – stimulates lactation, treats dysentery. Smooth sumac – berries reduce fevers and are diuretic, Externally used as an antiseptic.


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Sunflower


Sunflower


Latin Name: helianthus annuus
Alternative Name: corona solis, marigold of peru, solo indianus, chrysanthemum peruvianum
Forms Available: oil, flower, leaf, stalk, root , seed

Sunflower – helianthus annuus – This fast-growing annual has a thick, tall, hairy stem, heart-shaped leaves, and large yellow flower heads in late summer. The nutritious seeds are eaten raw, roasted, and ground into meal or nut butter and were used by Native American warriors as “energy cakes.” The flower buds give a yellow dye and are cooked like artichokes. The pressed seeds yield an all-purpose oil with culinary, cosmetic, and industrial uses. Medicinally, the seeds are used as a diuretic and expectorant and treat coughs, dysentery, and kidney inflammation. The root is a laxative and treats stomach pain. The stem pith yields potash and fibers for textiles and paper, and its cellular lightness is used for microscope slide mounts. The seed heads provide food for birds in winter.

Aromatherapy & Health Uses: Medicinally, the seeds are used as a diuretic and expectorant and treat coughs, dysentery, and kidney inflammation. The root is a laxative and treats stomach pan.

Other Uses: In Aztec temples of the sun, priestesses carried sunflowers and wore them as crowns. As sun sumbols, these flowers symbolize the healthy ego, the wisdom, and the fertility of the solar logos. Sunflower seeds are eaten by women who wish to concieve.


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Swamp Milkweed


Swamp Milkweed


Latin Name: asclepias incarnata
Alternative Name: swamp silkweed, rose-colored silkweed, white indian hemp, incarnate swallowwort, flesh-colored asclepias.
Forms Available: root

Swamp Milkweed – asclepias incarnata – It is said that the tea can remove tapeworms from the body. A tea made from the root of the swamp milkweed has been used to treat asthma, worms, rheumatism and syphilis.

Aromatherapy & Health Uses: It is said that the tea can remove tapeworms from the body. A tea made from the root of the swamp milkweed has been used to treat asthma, worms, rheumatism and syphilis.


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Sweet Cicely


Sweet Cicely


Latin Name: osmorhiza claytoni, myrrhis odorata
Alternative Name: smoother sweet cicely, cicely, anise fren, cow chervil, british myrrh, shepherd’s needle, sweet bracken, sweet chervil, woolly sweet-cicely, clayton’s sweetroot, hairy sweet-cicely
Forms Available: essential oil, root, leaf, seed

Sweet Cicely – osmorhiza claytoni, myrrhis odorata – This herb is expectorant, stomachic and carminative. It has been used to alleviate dry coughs by loosening and shifting phlegm. It is a stomach tonic, relieving flatulence, stimulating the appetite, and has laxative properties. The roots are antiseptic and have been applied, externally, to bites, stings and wounds.

Aromatherapy & Health Uses: Has been used to treat flatulence, coughs, as a general appetite tonic, and as a mild laxative.


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Sweet Gum


Sweet Gum


Latin Name: liquidambar styraciflua
Alternative Name: formosan gum, bilsted, copalm, gum wax
Forms Available: resin, bark, fruit, leaf, stem

Sweet Gum – liquidambar styraciflua – This plant has been used medicinally in the past. The leaves were used to treat growths, and the resin from the stems to treat boils, toothache and tuberculosis. The fruit was used to treat arthritis, rheumatism and to stimulate lactation.

Aromatherapy & Health Uses: The resin has been used to treat toothache, boils, tuberculosis. The fruit, to relieve arthritis and skin diseases.


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Sweet Majoram


Sweet Marjoram


Latin Name: origanum marjorana
Alternative Name: knotted marjoram, mayorana
Forms Available: essential oil, leaf, stem

Sweet Majoram – origanum marjorana – a herb akin to oregano. This is a well used culinary herb. The leaves can be eaten both raw and cooked and is used to flavor many main dishes. The seeds are used in candies, desserts, and drinks. Medicinally, sweet marjoram is a tonic for both the digestive and respiratory systems. It is used, internally, to treat tension headaches, anxiety, insomnia, bronchial issues and digestive issues. It both encourages menstruation and eases the pain of menstruation.

Aromatherapy & Health Uses: Used to relieve indigestion, headaches, asthma, bronchitis, painful menstruation. It also promotes menstruation.


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Sweet Woodruff


Sweet Woodruff


Latin Name: galium odorata, galium odoratum, asperula odorata
Alternative Name: woodruff, woodward, waldmeister, master of the woods, sweet grass
Forms Available: leaf

Sweet Woodruff – galium odorata – The leaf of the sweet woodruff can be eaten raw or cooked. In Germany, in the spring, the leaves are soaked in white wine and drank, as a tonic, to herald the season. Medicinally, this herb is used by the pharmaceutical companies of today in the manufacture of anticoagulant drugs – the plant contains coumarins which prevent blood from clotting. This plant has been used to treat wounds and cuts externally, and it has been used as a digestive tonic, a diuretic and an anti-inflammatory when taken internally.

Aromatherapy & Health Uses: Treats wounds and cuts externally. Internally, sweet woodruff is a digestive tonic, a diuretic and an anti-inflammatory. The plant is used by pharmaceutical companies for the coumarins it contains – anticoagulants.


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